Tell mom and Dad to change the salt!Eating too much salt raises blood pressure, and many old people fall for it!

2022-07-24 0 By

Salt is a necessary condiment in our daily life. Eating without salt is tasteless and hard to swallow.However, eating too much salt can also be harmful to your health.A series of cardiovascular health problems, such as high blood pressure, hardening of blood vessel wall and stroke, brought about by “salty and heavy taste”, cannot be ignored.It’s all about what salt you eat!A new study has found that simply changing the salt used in cooking at home can help control blood pressure and reduce the risk of stroke.What kind of salt is it?Xiaobian this take you to understand!Change your salt to keep your blood pressure under control and reduce your risk of stroke.A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in August 2021, led by a Peking University team, found that switching from regular salt to “potassium substitutes” (low sodium salts) significantly reduced strokes, major cardiovascular events, and deaths.The study involved more than 20,000 people with a history of stroke or high blood pressure in more than 600 villages in China, who were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive potassium substitutions (75 percent sodium chloride and 25 percent potassium chloride by mass) and to continue using regular salt (100 percent sodium chloride).After an average follow-up of 4.74 years, the researchers found that the potassium-salt group had a systolic blood pressure 3.3mmHg lower than the control group, an average of 350mg less 24-hour sodium excretion and an average of 803mg more 24-hour potassium excretion.The risk of stroke was significantly reduced by 14 percent in the potassium-salt group.13% reduction in risk of major cardiovascular events;12 percent lower risk of death.In addition, studies have shown that eating “potassium substitutes” (low sodium salts) can help prevent stroke in people of all ages, genders, educational backgrounds, and medical histories of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.What is low sodium salt?Low sodium salt is iodized salt as raw material, and then add a certain amount of potassium chloride and magnesium sulfate, so as to improve the balance of sodium, potassium and magnesium in the body, prevent hypertension.Low sodium salts contain 60% to 70% sodium chloride, along with 20% to 30% potassium chloride and 8% to 12% magnesium sulfate.Compared with common salt, sodium content of low sodium salt is decreased and potassium content is increased.Potassium resists the blood-pressure effects of high sodium by dilating blood vessels, reducing vascular resistance and increasing urinary sodium excretion.At the same time, low sodium consumption can reduce sodium intake, thereby reducing the risk of hypertension, cardiovascular disease and other diseases.For patients with hypertension, eating low sodium salt helps maintain the balance of sodium and potassium in the body, which is of great benefit to the control of blood pressure.Why are low-sodium salts favored by nutrition experts?Eating too much salt is often said to raise blood pressure, but it’s the sodium in salt that’s responsible.Human blood vessels have permeability, sodium is like a sponge, if sodium intake is too much, will absorb water into the water and sodium retention, increase blood volume, increase pressure to blood vessels, such a long-term, blood pressure will be more and more, leading to hypertension.Potassium just can play a role in restricting sodium, when sodium is rampant in the world, the power of potassium will be suppressed, can not play a regulatory role, but if the intake of potassium in food, you can weaken the arrogance of sodium, promote the discharge of sodium, reduce the phenomenon of water and sodium retention.Low sodium does just that.Low sodium salt is good, but this kind of people with caution!Low sodium is good, but it doesn’t mean you can eat as much as you want.The Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016 edition) recommends less than 6 grams of salt per day.In China’s hypertension prevention and treatment guidelines also clearly pointed out that good renal function can choose low sodium rich potassium instead of salt.But do not use a lot of low sodium salt because it is good, otherwise it will lose the meaning of reducing salt (low sodium).In addition, not everyone is suitable for low sodium salt, due to the low sodium salt contains more potassium in patients with renal dysfunction, especially in urination function disorders, such as uremia patients, can’t eat low-sodium, more effective eduction body outside, potassium can’t cause high potassium accumulation in the body, easy to cause arrhythmia, heart failure risk.Low sodium salts should not be used in residents with potential hyperkalemia risk and potassium depletion disorders, for example, they are not recommended in patients with chronic kidney disease.There are also rare adrenocortical hypofunction, hyporenin hypoaldosterone disease is not recommended to use low sodium salt.The patient with abnormal kidney function cannot buy low sodium salt, harm to the body of the patient with abnormal kidney function is big, can cause disorder of high blood potassium, electrolyte, it is to cause dead sex rhythm of the heart even.Information: China central television (CCTV) presentation of life circle edit | dry her Joan coordinating editor | dry her Joan