Read the report card of the opening year: Urban job creation overfulfilled
In 2021, 12.69 million new urban jobs were created, an increase of 830,000 over the previous year, exceeding the annual target.In the first year of the 14th Five-year Plan, the employment situation remained stable on the whole, providing basic support for economic development.In 2021, the pressure on total employment increased, structural problems became prominent, and the impact of the epidemic was complex and changeable. Despite various objective factors, we achieved a remarkable result of “one increase, two decrease, three increase, and four stability” in maintaining employment.The surveyed unemployment rate in urban areas was 5.1%, 0.5 percentage points lower than the previous year’s average. Since the second half of last year, the surveyed unemployment rate of migrant agricultural residents has remained at a relatively low level below 5%.3 liters, the labor market recruitment demand is strong, recruitment ratio (the ratio of job vacancies to the number of job seekers) has always remained above 1, the shortage of jobs concentrated in life service and production and manufacturing and other industries absorbing more labor;The total number of migrant workers was 292.51 million, an increase of 6.91 million or 2.4 percent over the previous year.”We owe these achievements to the fact that China’s economy has reached the growth target, with GDP growth of 8.1 percent. This is fundamental to ensuring stable employment.”Li Chang ‘an, a professor at the National Institute of Opening-up at the University of International Business and Economics.Market players are the foundation and driving force for economic development, and they are also the source of stable and orderly employment.Over the past year, various economic policies that have helped stabilize employment have delivered real money to businesses.In 2021, local human resources and social security authorities provided 23 billion yuan in unemployment insurance rebates to 4.06 million enterprises, and tax authorities cut taxes and fees by about 1.1 trillion yuan.We will stick to the employment orientation of economic development, and the employment target will be fully reflected in 2021 as an important basis for adjusting the orientation of macroeconomic regulation.The State Council promulgated the Plan for Promoting Employment during the 14th Five-year Plan period, which sets the main goal of achieving fuller and higher-quality employment, implements the strategy of giving top priority to employment, makes every effort to expand employment capacity, alleviates structural employment problems, and effectively prevents and defuses the risks of large-scale unemployment.Helping key groups find jobs through multiple channels is the key to keeping employment stable.The Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Ministry of Education have issued a series of measures to help college graduates find jobs, and guide and encourage the young generation to work at the grassroots level and start their own businesses.In 2021, more than 40,000 online and offline job fairs will be held nationwide, and 30 million job information will be released, effectively promoting accurate job matching.In order to support rural revitalization and consolidate and expand the achievements made in poverty alleviation, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments jointly issued guidelines to continuously help people out of poverty and low-income rural people find jobs, consolidate and expand the achievements made in poverty alleviation, and help comprehensively promote rural revitalization.Up to now, 31.45 million people have been lifted out of poverty in China.China’s employment has been highly market-oriented, speed up the construction of high standard human resources market system, strengthen and improve the public employment service is becoming more and more important.The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments issued a document proposing to further improve the level of human resources services, promote the industry to professional and high-end value chain extension, and create a multi-level and diversified human resources market pattern.At the first National Human Resource Service Industry Development Conference in 2021, 150 human resource service supply-demand matching projects reached cooperation intention, with a total contract amount of more than 16.6 billion yuan, fully demonstrating the tremendous vitality of the industry development.In the past two years, the employment situation has faced challenges not only from uncertainties such as COVID-19 and the external environment, but also from the critical time when China’s industrial structure is upgrading and transforming, and the labor market urgently needs to adapt to the higher requirements of new technologies, new industries and new models.Data from The China Labor Statistics Yearbook show that the employment population of China’s manufacturing industry has been declining continuously since 2013, with a decrease of more than 10 million in the past five years.The evolution of production mode characterized by “machine replacement” also accelerated the structural contradiction of employment.But China’s manufacturing sector, in its period of high-quality development, has also fostered a “technological good”.Chen Lixiang, vice president of China Association of Vocational and Technical Education, believes that the integration of high-quality economic development, industrial upgrading and new technology wave, the change of economic environment at home and abroad has brought profound impact on employment, and the interweaving of skill replacement and skill renewal is rapidly changing the skill structure of the workforce.Large-scale training of skilled personnel has become the breakthrough to solve the structural contradiction of employment in the 14th Five-Year Plan period, and the construction of high-skilled personnel team is the focus of vocational training.Tang Tao, vice minister of human resources and social security, said manufacturing companies are in urgent need of technicians and technicians, and many are facing a shortage of high-level skilled personnel and recruitment when implementing new technologies.Local governments should dynamically adjust subsidy programs for training majors, raise the level of training, and train more skilled, application-oriented and innovative personnel for enterprises.