Word of the World series: Wonders in the History of War: the Evacuation of Dunkirk

2022-06-28 0 By

Retreat does not mean defeat, it is the accumulation of strength in order to win the final victory.The generator operation (painting) on May 26, 1940 in the evening, the British began to implement the “generator”, will strive for getting in Dunkirk British expeditionary force back to home, the admiralty used with all forces that can be used for this, including recruited a large number of fishing boats, ferries, private yacht, such as ships, to June 4,The evacuation of Dunkirk came to a close as the last French troops boarded British ships.Under the large depth and rapid mobile attack of The German armored forces, hundreds of thousands of British and French allied forces were cut and surrounded and crowded on the beach of Dunkirk. Britain spared no expense and withdrew 340,000 British and French troops from May 26 to June 4, saving effective forces for defending the British Islands and launching counterattacks in the future.Where is the strategic reserve force?From May 10, 1940, under the order of “No rest, no slack”, German panzers rushed through the Ardennes and occupied Serdang.The French were in disarray. Sensing their defeat, the British expeditionary force was ordered to withdraw.By 16 May the Germans were more than 60 miles into France and advancing rapidly towards Paris and the English Channel.At the risk of being shot down by German planes, Churchill flew to France to strategize, only to find the French government and army as dying lambs in despair and chaos.When Churchill asked Marshal Gamlin, the French commander-in-chief, where France’s strategic reserves were, the answer was a dry “none”.This scuttled Churchill’s plan to launch a counterattack on the German flanks to eliminate the “bulge” created by the rapid German advance.On May 20, the Germans captured Amiens and entered Abbeville. The three Anglo-French regiments in the north were surrounded and cut off from the rest of the French army.Crowded in warship deck of British soldiers in waiting for the ship start to open to the British start the generator program on May 19, the British war cabinet instructions navy expeditionary force retreat of plan, codenamed “generator”, from the port of Dover will command commander Bertram Ramsey, Calais and boulogne plan from the French coast and Dunkirk three ports,Ten thousand men were evacuated every day, and 30 ferries and 12 minesweepers were concentrated.On 23 May Guderian’s German 19th Panzer Corps advanced only 16 kilometers from Dunkirk and met strong resistance from Anglo-French forces.At the moment when he was about to concentrate his efforts on the annihilation of these remnants, he received Hitler’s orders: to stop where they were, to withdraw the advance troops, and to permit only those on reconnaissance and vigilance to advance.On the verge of defeat, he could only look up and sigh.Taking advantage of this gap, the Allied forces trapped on the coast rushed through the night to repair the beachhead, while the French government ordered the French First Army to “fight to the end on the River Leith without retreating.”On the night of May 26, the British began operation Dynamo, the beginning of the Evacuation of Dunkirk.The British Admiralty, using all available forces, began its retreat on the night of the 26th, withdrawing 1,312 men that night and 7,669 on the 27th.At the same time, Hitler, after the movement of transport ships, ordered the German army to resume the attack, but in the face of the animal of the British and French allied forces, encountered resistance.The Belgian surrender on 27 May left the retreating British and French forces without rearguard cover.The British were forced to extend their lines and form an “escape corridor” to fight the Nazis and defeat the German assault.On May 29, the British and French forces in charge of the defense began to narrow the defensive circle step by step. The British troops in the Newart Harbor area dug up the levees to allow water to flow back to block the Attack of the German armored forces.In the sky, German stuka dive bombers harassed the beaches of Dunkirk and the Issel River all day, dropping bombs and machine-gun fire on the assembled soldiers, while the retreating ships were torpedoed by Nazi submarines.Dunkirk was a purgatory of explosions, booms, guns and groans.Under these extremely difficult conditions, a total of 126,606 people had been evacuated by 30 May, with another 120,000 people waiting anxiously and sending out repeated emergency signals requesting all available ships to rescue them.The British Navy deployed more than 30 ships and the Royal Air Force deployed all available fighter jets over Dunkirk, shooting down enemy planes and daring them to bomb ships crossing the sea.On June 1, an enraged Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to launch a massive bombing campaign against Dunkirk, while ordering armored units to seize the port as soon as possible at all costs.In the face of fire from the air and from the ground, the evacuation was carried out under cover of night. By June 4, the evacuation of Dunkirk was over, as the last French troops boarded British ships.British World War II veterans have been marking the 75th anniversary of the evacuation of Dunkirk on board the Princess Falada, a private yacht that took part in the rescue.Crew member Arthur D. Divine recalls the image that will always be etched in my memory:Long lines of weary soldiers stretched from sand dunes to the beach to the shallow water, moving slowly under the direction of officers, ankles to knees, knees to waists, waists to chests, shoulders in the front row already in the water…The soldiers in the front were pulled onto the dinghy, while the soldiers behind waited quietly in the water for the next wave of boats. Many were pushed over by the waves of bombs and shells…The boat was full of men, the boat was listing badly, and the big boat was full.The Story of the World is a project of the National Publishing Fund. The editorial committee is composed of famous professors and researchers majoring in world history, and the creative team is mainly composed of professors and doctors majoring in world history.The book consists of 20 volumes, each with about 250,000 words and 450 images, covering the history of the world from prehistoric times to 2018.It introduces all aspects of world history in detail, shows the twists and turns of world history, and reproduces the historical scene with rich and exquisite pictures.The Era of World War II (to be released) is the 17th volume of The Book, which vividly recounts the World War II from the perspectives of politics, battles, weapons, characters, post-war trials, literature and art.The war lasted four years and three months and involved 30 countries and 1.5 billion people. It was the first global war in human history. It was a war between the two major blocs of imperialist countries, the Allies and the Allies, for the re-division of colonies and spheres of influence and the struggle for world hegemony.The Second World War is a global catastrophe affecting all mankind.From September 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland, to September 2, 1945, when Japan surrendered, the total war lasted six years (China’s war of Resistance against Japanese Aggression lasted eight years).The Second World War was a clear-cut battle between good and evil. Peace-loving people all over the world formed a united front to defeat the German, Italian and Japanese fascists who brought war, slaughter and death.Yan Yuqiang, master of British History, Department of History, Nanjing University, 1989.After graduation, I worked as an editor in People’s Publishing House.In 1995, he co-founded Beijing Dajiangliu Culture Communication Co., Ltd. with predecessors in the publishing industry and served as editor-in-chief.I have been an independent book planner since 2015.Representative curators and editors include Western Philosophy Gallery (7 volumes, Guizhou People’s Publishing House), Chinese and Foreign Civilizations Simultaneously Empty (6 volumes, shortlisted in the 11th Shanghai Book Award, won the first Wenhui • Peng Xinchao Excellent Book Publishing Fund, Shanghai Jinxiu Article Publishing House), Reappearance of World History (100 volumes,Chantan Press, Taiwan), Reproducing World Geography (100 volumes, Chantan Press, Taiwan), Reproducing Chinese Geography (100 volumes, Chantan Press, Taiwan).Work: “the reform” Shakespeare press (Taiwan), “the may fourth movement” Shakespeare press (Taiwan), the offshore personnel (lujiang publishing house), “qingtian people in the Netherlands” (Chinese overseas Chinese press), the human geography in anhui and anhui urban geographic Shakespeare press (Taiwan), etc.Translated works: Oxford History of English (co-translation, Commercial Press), Ronald Reagan’s Autobiography (co-translation, Oriental Press).Yin Jianlong, Ph.D., World History, Nanjing University, Postdoctoral fellow at King’s College Londong, London, Associate Professor of History, Anhui University, Director of Eu Research Center, Anhui University.Currently, he has hosted one national Social Science Fund project, published monograph “The History of The Italian Nation”, and published more than 30 academic papers