The low-key Xing ‘an of Guangxi is one of the most qualified successors to the ancient Lingling, not the whole prefecture
Xing ‘an is the throat fortress connecting Xiangshui and Lishui in the northeast of Guangxi. It has a history of more than 2200 years. It has a profound history, culture and rich folk customs.During the Spring Festival, the author went into Xing ‘an to visit its charm. After revealing its mysterious veil of thousands of years, he found that the ancient Xing ‘an was so low-key.Lingqu is the most representative of Xing ‘an.Lingqu has spirit, the source of xing ‘an’s charm lies in lingqu.It is said that lingqu was originally called “Lingqu”, which reflects that the ancient Lingling county was once located in Xing ‘an.Lingqu, built in 214 BC, is 33 kilometers long and connects the Xiangli River and the Yangtze River to the Pearl River. It is the first canal in Chinese history and the largest inland river transportation network in human history.Lingqu is divided into north and south channels, including Huazui, Tianping, channel, doumen and Qin Dike.”Huatzui” dam is made up of stones linked with each other, 500 meters long, into the “people” shape, high outside the low, dam slope pieces of stone like a piece of fish scales, far look at the dam, like a surmounted rapids stormy dragon, locked in the source of the Xiangjiang River.The dam can not only hold water, but also discharge flood. It can automatically adjust the water quantity without setting a gate to keep the canal water relatively stable.Lingqu scientific design, the xiangjiang river water 37 diversion, drainage balance using side weir overflow control into the channel flow, so that water storage slowly forward, can ensure the safety of the canal, design and Egypt’s Panama Canal has the same wonderful.Ling canal into the shadow of ancient trees, canal water like a mirror, water birds low prey on the surface, underwater fish and shrimp play.Canal water around the town, three points xiang water with all the way rice tangerine, seven points li water wan eight peach green, a simple and quiet scene, let a person reluctant to leave.Ling Canal fully shows the wisdom of ancient Chinese people to cut mountains and split land. As the throat fortress connecting Xiangshui and Lishui, it rewrote The history of China and achieved the reunification of China, and also created the prosperous xing ‘an ancient town. Xing ‘an ancient town thries on water, and the water street is the essence of the town.For thousands of years, if there were no Ling Qu, wouldn’t there be a strong “Qin and Han Empire”?If there were no qin and Han Empire, would The history of China have to be changed?Xing ‘an, a beautiful ancient town, sticks to its history amid the city’s glitz and noise, and also awakens a faint memory in our hearts.Into the modern, sing-an is one of the main red army long march break the xiangjiang river, here are the first batch of national patriotism education demonstration base, the red army long march break xiangjiang campaign memorial park, the red army hall, LaoShanJie red culture such as tourist attractions, am a profound history and culture and tourism resources, especially the red tourism to contain a lot of rich ore “spirit”.In late November 1934, the Long March of the Central Red Army reached the hunan-Guangxi border, and Chiang Kai-shek gathered 300,000 troops to lay the fourth line known as the “Iron Triangle” in the area east of the Xiangjiang River in northern Guangxi.On November 25, the CMC decided that the Central Red Army would be divided into four columns to cross the Xiangjiang River from Xing ‘an and Quanzhou to xiyan Mountain area on the hunan-Guangxi border.On the 27th, the first unit of the vanguard red 2nd Division broke through the fourth blockade of the Kuomintang army and crossed the Xiangjiang River;The next day, the 4th Red Division also crossed the Xiangjiang River.The Kuomintang troops advanced north and south with superior strength and attacked the Red Army fiercely with the support of aircraft.The Red Army fought bloody battles on both sides of the Xiangjiang River for seven days and seven nights. Through battles at Xinwei, Zhilingtou, Jietou, Jiaoshanpu and Xianshui, the Red Army finally held off the onslance of the Kuomintang army with a loss of more than half at a huge cost, and covered the crossing of the Xiangjiang River by the CENTRAL Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Chinese Revolutionary Military Commission and the troops directly under it on December 1, and continued to march northward to resist Japanese aggression.After the recommendation of Marshal Nie Rongzhen, approved by The State Council, in 1993 in Xing ‘an County to build the Red Army Long March breakthrough Xiangjiang Martyrs Memorial park, formally opened to the public in January 1996.In June 1997, the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee listed Bei Yuan as one of the first hundred “National Patriotic Education Demonstration bases”.The Red Army Hall, formerly known as “Three official Hall”, is located at the xiangjiang River bank in the town of 23 kilometers north of the county. It was the command post for the Long March to cross the Xiangjiang River and the Xiangjiang Campaign. Peng Dehuai and other senior leaders of the Red Army once commanded the crossing and battle here.In 2006, it was rated as a national key cultural relic protection unit.The Monument Garden and the Red Army Hall have become one of the most important red tourist attractions in China.Now am, known as the “flourish of all, a girl city”, is the Chinese gingko, bamboo, commodity grain, pig and citrus production base counties, was awarded the “national scientific and technological progress”, “advanced county” national science demonstration county “demonstration county” “beautiful China” 2019 national village clean action model county “, China water purification top 2020 counties such as the honorary title.After qin Shihuang unified China, he inherited chu’s county system and set Lingling County in xingan of hunan-Guangxi corridor.The Qin Dynasty set lingling county here mainly for the control of lingnan Sanmiao and the military needs of Nanyue state.Before the Qin and Han dynasties, ancient Lingling County went through two migrations, the first one between Ningyuan county and Daocounty;The second migration to guanyang water che near the township;The third time to move to xing ‘an border town.This can be seen from the events recorded in The Annals of Xing ‘an County: In the twenty-sixth year (221 BC), Qin Shihuang unified the six states, implemented the county system, set Lingling County, and ruled the present border of Xing ‘an County chengzishan.Qin army built qin City in the county;In 219 BC, The first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty marched into lingnan and ordered shi Lu, the imperial commander, to dig the ling Canal in xing ‘an.In 214 BC, Shi Lu cut a ling canal in Xing ‘an, connecting the Xiangjiang and Lijiang Rivers and connecting the Yangtze and Pearl rivers.In the same year, Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the building of qincheng in Rongjiang Town, Xing ‘an.In fact, quanzhou was divided into two parts in ancient times.The south is under the jurisdiction of Lingling, and the north taoyang County.According to historical records, Taoyang County was established in 111 BC in the sixth year of Yuanding in the Western Han Dynasty.In The Ming Dynasty, Jiang Mian, a native of Quanzhou city and head of Jiajing, wrote tao Shui Kao (Tao Shui Kao). It is proved that “Han generals beat (British) at Taoshui North and South” contained in Shiji · Gaozu Benji is located here.And wrote a poem “Tao Shui Name county first” : “Zero Ling set the beginning of the county, Tao Yang began.”Taoyang county proved today is quanzhou county.Jiang Tingyu, the former curator of the Museum of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and an authority on Guangxi archaeology, once wrote “Tao Yang, the Earliest County in Guangxi” (originally published in Academic Forum, No. 6, 1981), clearly pointing out that Tao Yang County is now Quanzhou, Guangxi.Although taoyang only existed for more than 700 years in history, it was the earliest county name in the prefecture, and only after Taoyang did it get the name of Lingling.At that time, the western Han dynasty also guiyang, Changsha county in the south of the separation of Lingling county, county governance in Lingling County, jurisdiction over 7 counties and 4 kingdoms.The seven counties were Lingling (the head of xingan Prefecture in Suo), Shi ‘an (now part of Xingan in northern Guangxi), Taoyang (Quanzhou), Yingpu (now Daoxian County), Lingdao (now Ningyuan Cold Water Town), Yingdao (now Ningyuan Tiantang Town Dayang Dong), Zhongwu (now Hengyang City), and the four vassal states were:Duliang (governing today’s Shaoyang Wugang City), Quanling (governing today’s Yongzhou Lingling district), Chung Ling (governing today’s Ningyuan County Baijiaping town), Fuyi (governing today’s Shaoyang county west).The jurisdiction above all belong to “Shan Hai Jing” “Zero Ling boundary”.Therefore, quanzhou under taoyang County is in lingling boundary, isn’t the rest of Lingling county in Lingling boundary?Is “lingjie” your whole state?This simple question has become complicated in the minds of people in the whole prefecture, who always think that “Ling Ling” belongs to the whole prefecture.This is totally wrong!In the third year of Yuanfeng (108 BC), Sima Qian was appointed to the post of the Grand Historian, and began to write records of the Grand Historian (Official Records of the Grand Historian).When Sima Qian wrote records of the Grand Historian, Lingling County had been established for 3 years, and Sima Qian had been to Jiuqi Mountain in Ningyuan, so “It is Lingling County” in Records of the Grand Historian · Five Emperors.And Lingling county includes Lingling County, also includes other 6 counties 4 hou states.It is a malicious misinterpretation of shiji’s claim that the lingling Mausoleum here is only lingling County and that mount Jiuji, the burial place of Emperor Shun, is located in the whole prefecture.At that time, the southern part of Quanzhou was Lingling County, while the northern part included the jiuji Mountain of Daxijiang Town, which was referred to as “Jiuqi Mountain of Quanzhou”, and was not in the range of ancient Lingling County at all.In September last year, Meng Guangcheng, a retired official of the Quanzhou County Justice Bureau, wrote to the Quanzhou county government that after more than ten years of rigorous research and research, the “ancient Ling Mausoleum” where the ancient Emperor shun was buried was not located in Ningyuan County, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province, but in Quanzhou County, Guangxi Province.Therefore, it is hereby suggested that the People’s Government of Quanzhou County in Guangxi write an “Request for Instructions” and report it to the City, autonomous Region and The State Council, requesting that “Quanzhou County in Guangxi” be changed to “Lingling City in Guangxi” and “Lingling District in Yongzhou City in Hunan” be changed to “Quanling District in Yongzhou City in Hunan”.When the news broke, the public was in an uproar, and the whole state blushed:Ancient zero, for the third time migration from Yang township water wheel moved to utilize modern claimed yesterday, at the time of the state in two, half to half lingling to China Yang, and a state of false “nine suspected mountain” — big xijiang, during China’s nine ridge mountain belongs to Yang receives, not within the scope of the ancient “zero,”, the state people with what said “ShunDi buried under a state of nine suspected mountain”?Is the ancient “Ling Ling mausoleum” of quanzhou?The reason why the people of Quanzhou argued for the name of the ancient lingling is that the first town of the territory of the ancient Lingling administration was originally under the jurisdiction of the whole prefecture and later assigned to Xing ‘an.If jeonju people follow this logic or argument, they can say that Jeonju belongs to Yongju anyway.This is because Quanzhou was once under the jurisdiction of Yongzhou, hunan province, with a history of over 1,300 years.It was only in the 27th year of Hongwu of Ming Dynasty that it was assigned to Guilin Prefecture in Guangxi.”The whole state belongs to Yongzhou” and “the border belongs to the whole state”.In short, quanzhou and Xing ‘an, to say who is “ancient Ling ling” one of the most qualified successors, should be xing ‘an is not quanzhou!