There are many isolated islands in the habitat of wild tigers around the world. What can China’s governance experience teach the world?Q | things

2022-05-29 0 By

The traditional Chinese year of the Tiger is an important juncture for wild tiger conservation.For more than a century, human activities have pushed the wild tiger to the brink of extinction.Twelve years ago, under the auspices of WWF, 13 tiger countries around the world launched a project in St Petersburg, Russia, called TX2, to double the number of wild tigers by 2022.China is one of the countries with one of the brightest prospects for the recovery of wild tiger populations in the world, having successfully returned nearly extinct Siberian tigers to their homes.In this regard, what can the world learn from China’s governance experience?As the Year of the Tiger is approaching, Liu Peiqi, director of the Changchun Regional Project of THE World Wide Fund for Nature (Switzerland) Beijing Office, gave an exclusive interview to China News Service “East west Ask” to explain this.China News Service: What are the reasons for the worsening living conditions of the iconic wild tiger?Which ones are critical?Liu Peiqi: It is generally believed that the main factors causing the deterioration of the living conditions of wild tigers are as follows: first, the habitat area of wild tigers is shrinking, and the habitat is seriously fragmented, isolated and degraded;Second, poaching;The indirect impact of human-animal conflict on wild tiger conservation;Fourth, the management ability of natural reserve is insufficient;Fifth, wildlife diseases.I think the first two reasons are crucial.The WWF TAI (Global Tiger Survival Program) estimates that there are about 2.5 million square kilometers of tiger habitat around the world.That may seem like a lot of land, but it’s not nearly enough for a tiger.Studies have shown that an ideal wild Siberian tiger needs 500 square kilometers of territory.On the other hand, the fragmentation and isolation of these habitats have isolated tiger populations, blocking their gene exchange and making them vulnerable to environmental changes.Wild Bengal tigers.Globally, the competition between humans and tigers for land is becoming more and more intense. In the process of forestry management and management with the main purpose of wood production, the stand structure of forest ecosystems is being destroyed, and the biodiversity and biomass are declining.One of them has to be mentioned is the planting of a large number of plantations. Due to the single tree species planted, the biodiversity of the plantations is very low, which leads to a strange phenomenon — the habitat seems to exist, but the quality of degradation is so great that it is difficult to play its normal ecological service function.Poaching is the biggest threat to tigers worldwide, especially in Southeast Asia.In 2019, our report silent Traps: Southeast Asia’s Hunting Trap Crisis revealed that there are about 12.3 million hunting traps in Southeast Asia’s rainforests.In this regard, China has done a good job, especially since the pilot project in the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park, where more than 10,000 hunting gear have been cleaned up, the encounter rate of hunting gear has dropped by more than 95 percent and the threat of poaching has been significantly reduced.Southeast Asia’s poaching crisis.WWF China News Agency reporter: “TX2” proposed after the global wild tiger population has been significantly restored, there are about 4000, however, this and “TX2” envisaged 6000 still have a gap, how do you evaluate the gains and losses?Liu Peiqi: Although we are still short of the target, we have basically reversed the decline trend of tiger population, which is very rare.Tigers are at the top of the food chain in ecosystems, and the natural population growth rate is not high enough, especially when more than 95 percent of the world’s tiger habitat has been lost.TX2 has increased global interest in tiger conservation, promoted international collaboration, information and resource sharing, and helped unify understanding and focus on addressing widespread conservation issues.In 2019, for example, we brought from China, Russia, Vietnam, Laos and other 19 butch distribution and 10 international organizations of government of more than 300 delegates gathered in Harbin, monitoring technology, population and habitat restoration, protected area landscape had in-depth discussions about the allocation of resources and so on, this seminar is important to establish a mechanism for international exchanges and cooperation.Tiger population trends.China News Service: What is the essence of wild tiger protection?Liu Peiqi: By protecting wild tigers as a flagship species, we are essentially protecting the natural ecosystem on which humans and wild tigers depend for survival.Protecting wild tigers is not only about protecting a species, but also about protecting the forest ecosystem of their habitat and the ecosystem services derived from it.Tigers, as top predators, maintain the balance of forest ecosystems by regulating the number of herbivores.Studies have shown that protecting one tiger is equivalent to protecting forests the size of more than 10,000 football fields, so saving tigers is also protecting natural resources and ensuring a better future for people, wildlife and the planet.Humans and wild tigers are part of nature, and their harmonious coexistence is essential for sustainable development and ecological civilization.Schematic diagram of biodiversity structure in Northeast Tiger-leopard National Park.China News Service: The great forests of northeast China used to be the habitat of wild Siberian tigers. As we have seen before, they were on the verge of extinction because they could not find suitable habitat. Now they are making a comeback and there are now 50 of them in China.What do you think China’s experience in tiger conservation can teach the world?Liu Peiqi: At present, the tiger population in China, India, Russia, Nepal and other countries is on the increase, while southeast Asian countries are generally on the decline.The Chinese government has always attached great importance to the protection of wild tigers.In 2011, China released the China Wild Tiger Recovery Plan.In 2015, China banned all logging in natural forests.In recent years, China has made continuous efforts to promote ecological civilization, and the belief that “clear waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets” has gradually gained popular support. In particular, the Establishment of the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park has given Siberian tigers and other wild animals a bright future.Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park.Under the National park system, China has ensured that the habitat area of the wild tiger does not shrink any more. On this basis, China has strengthened the management of the forest ecosystem in the habitat of the Siberian tiger, and improved the habitat quality and connectivity between the habitats.At the same time, China has strengthened law enforcement and management, and built a large team of skilled rangers to provide safe havens for wild tigers.Another feature of China’s conservation efforts is that green development projects are carried out in communities around protected areas to reduce the pressure of community development on the environment and alleviate the conflicts between humans and animals, paving a path for green development that benefits both humans and animals.In addition, the close cooperation between China and Russia in the field of tiger and leopard conservation is also commendable. The two countries have signed a number of relevant documents on the protection of the Siberian tiger population, which is of important reference significance for other regions in the world to carry out cross-border conservation work.China News Service: WWF has rich experience in the protection of wild tigers. The Year of the Tiger has arrived. What are your prospects for the protection of wild tigers?Liu Peiqi: Conservation of wild tigers has always been an important part of WWF’s work. We started this work in China as early as 2006.Together with relevant management units and local partners, we have made great efforts in monitoring the Population of the Amur tiger and its prey, protecting and restoring the habitat of the Amur tiger, combating poaching and mitigating human-animal conflicts.In 2010, we published a Study on the Potential Habitat of the Amur Tiger in The Changbai Mountains of China and A Proposal on the Conservation planning of the Wild Amur Tiger in China, which is of great reference significance to the conservation of the wild Amur tiger in the past decade.In terms of transnational conservation cooperation, we promoted the signing of a memorandum of understanding between the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park Administration and the Leopard Land National Park Administration of Russia, and formulated a three-year work plan (2020-2022).Siberian tigers.At present, Russia’s wild Siberian tiger population is close to saturation, and China’s vast habitat, which can hold at least 320 Siberian tigers, has not been fully utilized, and China has yet to establish a sustainable and stable population of The Siberian tiger, which is one of the hopes for the sustainable growth of the global tiger population.I recently received good news that wild Siberian tigers are spreading into China’s interior at a rate of 13.8 kilometers every three years.The conservation and restoration of the Amur tiger population cannot be accomplished by one department or one organization. It is the result of the joint efforts of the government, Non-Governmental organizations, enterprises and the public.We hope to work with the Chinese government, enterprises and the general public to further promote habitat connectivity of the Amur tiger and alleviate human-animal conflict, so as to ensure sustained population growth of the Amur tiger.Siberian tigers.China’s traditional Year of the Tiger is an important node for wild tiger protection. In 2022, the second summit of 13 tiger countries will be held to summarize the experience and achievements of global tiger protection in the past 12 years, and jointly formulate and plan the next 12-year global wild tiger protection plan.I firmly believe that the future conservation of wild tigers will continue to advance towards the goal of harmonious coexistence between humans and tigers, and the magnificent landscape of tiger roaring in the mountains will be reproduced.Respondent profile: Liu Peiqi, Changchun Regional Project Director, WWF Switzerland Beijing Office.In 2014, he joined WWF, responsible for the protection of wild Siberian tigers, leopards, wetlands and migratory birds in Northeast China.From 2011 to 2014, he was the Wild Tiger Conservation Project Manager at the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).Is engaged in the protection of more than 20 years, adhere to the pragmatic protection concepts, for China the east-northern tiger, leopard protection the introduction of science and technology and method, also had in-depth field alone the Chinese merganser documentary photography, to protect the endangered birds accumulation of data, is the author of the study of China’s changbai mountains the east-northern tiger potential habitat “China wild amur tigers protection planning advice” and so on.What are the Similarities and Differences between Chinese and Western temple fairs?| things asked why “hot Spring Festival” in increasing overseas?| things ask, “festival atmosphere China” four: why are we still watch Spring Festival gala?Q | things