20 small details of cancer prevention, 15 cancer early signs of the most complete cancer prevention manual, recommended collection
People often only know that cancer is terrible, but do not know that if you want to stay away from cancer, it is necessary to start from scientific understanding of cancer.This article can be said to be the most comprehensive prevention of cancer manual, recommended forwarding collection!20 small details of cancer prevention from the details, adhere to do, do not hold fluke psychology, less a risk factor, less a risk, to have a sense of risk!Remember: do not take good small and not for, do not take evil small and for.Many cancers are more or less directly or indirectly related to a bad lifestyle, such as smoking, drinking, lack of exercise and sedentary, poor eating habits, staying up late, anxiety and so on.If we can change the unhealthy lifestyle and develop a good and healthy lifestyle, we can reduce the risk of cancer to a certain extent.1. You must quit smoking completely.It’s such a platitude that I’m tired of it and you’re tired of it.Smoking is the most harmful lifestyle to health and must be given up resolutely.Non-smokers should discourage people who smoke around them and refuse to be harmed by second-hand smoke.2. Avoid alcohol or drink occasionally in small amounts and in moderation.Liquor and other spirits should be avoided as far as possible, can not drink as far as possible not to drink, really want to drink, must control the amount, occasionally a small amount of drinking.3. Maintain a normal weight and avoid overweight and obesity.Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared, that is, body mass index (BMI) = weight (kg) ÷ height (m2). A BMI between 18.5-24.9 is considered normal and healthy, below 18.5 is considered low weight, 25-29.9 is considered overweight, and 30 or more is considered severely overweight or obese.It is recommended to keep your weight low and within a healthy range.4. Exercise and avoid sitting.Sedentary lifestyles and lack of exercise have been linked to obesity and increased risk of colorectal cancer and other cancers.It is recommended to get up and move for 15 minutes every 1-2 hours of work.Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day and 150 minutes a week.5. Get the necessary amount of sleep and work regularly to avoid staying up late.Sleep late and stay up late in the short term can not see the harm, a long time, the problem will come.Adults are advised to get six to eight hours of sleep a day, but the key is not to stay up late.Also, don’t turn on the light during sleep.6. Eat a balanced diet, not partial foods.Whole grains, meat, vegetables and fruits should be eaten, and junk food should be avoided and reduced, including street fried food.Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.Variety, color, and more than five different fruits and vegetables a day.Eating less fruit and vegetables and not enough fibre has been linked to an increased risk of bowel cancer.Eat more vegetables and less meat to keep healthy.8. Eat meat in moderation.Give priority to white meat such as fish and eat less red meat such as pig, beef and mutton.Avoid or minimize the consumption of processed meat such as sausage, ham and bacon, bacon, bacon, etc.9. Eat regularly.Avoid skipping breakfast and overeating.Don’t overeat, don’t overeat.10. Don’t substitute drinks for water.Avoid or limit sugary drinks, and plain water is ideal.11. Don’t eat too salty.Limit your daily salt intake and avoid or limit preserved foods.12. Avoid eating and drinking too hot.Overheated food or drink or tea, do not rush to drink.13. Eat separately as much as possible.Do not share dishes, chopsticks, towels and other food and daily necessities, in order to reduce or avoid helicobacter pylori infection.14. Avoid burnout.Pay attention to rest, work and rest.15. Regular bowel movements.Develop the habit of regular defecation, do not hold in urine.16. Avoid multiple sex partners.Do not abuse sex, minimize premarital sex, extramarital sex and other unsafe sex, use condoms as far as possible to avoid the spread of human papillomavirus.Reduce or avoid exposure to occupationally carcinogenic environments.Take necessary occupational exposure protection.18. Avoid excessive sun exposure.Too much sun is a good thing.19. Avoid anxiety.Learn to decompress and relax, do not stay in anxiety and mental pressure for a long time.20. Get vaccinated.Prevention and control of hepatitis B, hepatitis C infection, hepatitis B vaccine;Prevention and control of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the appropriate age of HPV vaccination;Timely and standardized management of precancerous conditions (precancerous diseases, precancerous lesions).15 Signs and Symptoms of Early Cancer that Many People Ignore!Many people are concerned about the signs and symptoms of cancer in its early stages.Here’s a list of 15 signs and symptoms you might see in the early stages of cancer.Tumor nodules are not necessarily cancer, we can make a preliminary judgment about it: look at the size.The smaller the nodule, the more likely it is to be benign, of course, it is not absolute, so we should pay attention to follow-up review;Attention should be paid if the nodules exceed 1 cm.Note that persistent enlargement, especially in rapidly enlarged nodules, tends to be malignant and should be of special concern.Second look at the texture.Soft or cystic masses tend to be benign;A hard, fixed, or solid mass tends to be malignant, but the enlarged lymph nodes of lymphoma are firm to the touch.Three look at the boundary and activity.Benign tumors usually have clear boundaries and good activity.Most malignant tumors have unclear boundaries, adhesion or fusion with surrounding tissues, and poor activity.2. Persistent pain (non-traumatic) If you have persistent pain in a part of the body that is not traumatic and of unknown cause, go to a hospital to find out the cause.3. Long treatment not longer cough for long treatment of cough or sputum with blood, especially long-term smokers, should be alert to the possibility of lung cancer.4. Unknown total fever If the cause of fever is unknown and persists, be aware of the possibility of cancer and get relevant examination as soon as possible.5. Unexplained weight loss and fatigue If there is no active weight loss exercise or deliberate diet, weight loss or progressive weight loss for unknown reasons, or with anorexia, fatigue, fatigue, etc., to find out the cause, weight loss and fatigue may also be one of the manifestations of cancer.6. Bleeding without trauma but not traumatic abnormal bleeding, such as: · Hematochezia or hematemesis, colon cancer and gastric cancer should be excluded;· Beware of lung cancer when coughing up blood and sputum with blood;· Irregular vaginal bleeding or non-menstrual bleeding may be associated with endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and other gynecological tumors;· Painless hematuria or dysuria, beware of urinary system tumors;· Non-traumatic nosebleed, nasopharyngeal cancer should be excluded.7. If dyspepsia persists, or is accompanied by acid reflux heartburn, upper abdomen pain and discomfort, we should be alert to the possibility of gastric cancer or esophageal cancer.8. Swallowing food obstruction if there is a feeling of swelling behind the sternum or burning behind the sternum when eating, pain behind the sternum, or feeling of foreign body sensation in the esophagus, especially the progressive aggravation of swallowing food obstruction, we should be alert to the possibility of esophageal cancer and laryngeal cancer.9. Hoarseness is difficult to recover if hoarseness is difficult to recover and lasts for a long time, we should be alert to the possibility of invasion or compression of laryngeal recurrent nerve by laryngeal cancer and lung cancer.10. Stool habits change stool habits, times or traits change (such as thin stool appearance, stool with pus, blood, mucus, etc.), or alternate constipation and diarrhea, should be alert to colorectal cancer, should be checked as soon as possible to the hospital.11. White spots increase itching oral mucosa white spots, female vulva or male penis glans white spots rapidly expand with itching, should pay attention to rule out cancer.12. If the nevus suddenly increases, or the edge becomes irregular, or the color changes, or there is bleeding, or itching pain, the original hair loss on the nevus, it is suspected that melanoma may be.13. Fracture is very easy to occur without obvious external force or only slight external force, fracture is very easy to occur, may be pathological fracture, should be alert to bone malignant tumor.Adolescents with non-traumatic joint pain and swelling should pay attention to screening for leukemia.14. Ulcer Wounds don’t Heal For a long time If a skin cut or ulcer persists, be aware of the possibility of skin cancer.Mouth ulcers are common, but if they do not heal for a long time, you should be aware of the possibility of oral cancer.15. Abnormal changes in male breasts although male breast cancer is rare, but if the abnormal growth of male breasts or other abnormal changes, we should be alert to the possibility of male breast cancer, go to a breast specialist as soon as possible.It is important to note that the above symptoms are not specific and should not be taken into account simply. They just remind you to pay attention and go to the hospital for further examination to confirm the diagnosis.In addition, it is important to note that early or even advanced cancer can be asymptomatic, so it is recommended that the appropriate age group or certain high-risk tumor groups be actively screened.20 typical manifestations of 20 types of cancer, once these manifestations occur, we should pay great attention to them!Headache, ejective vomiting, optic disc edema and vision loss are the “triad” of brain tumor intracranial pressure increase.Oral ulcers that do not heal for a long time should be especially vigilant against oral cancer.Reabsorption of nasal discharge.Paroxysmal irritant dry cough, bloody sputum.Myasthenia gravis.Progressive dysphagia.Progressive upper abdominal pain, vomiting, hematemesis, or black stools.Bowel irritation symptoms and change of defecation habits frequency, diarrhea or constipation sometimes constipation and diarrhea alternately in acute and heavy often stool meaning anal drop distension, blood back pain, abdominal pain, jaundice, emaciation.Right upper abdominal pain, right upper abdominal mass, jaundice.Painless and progressive breast masses, nipple changes, and enlarged axillary lymph nodes.Contact or irregular vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause.Abdominal distension, lower abdominal mass, ascites.Hematuria, lumbago, abdominal mass: renal cancer “triad”.Painless gross hematuria.Frequent urination, urgent urination, incessant urination, difficulty, etc.A gradually increasing painless mass in the testicle.Painless lymph node enlargement, alcohol pain (local pain after drinking) night sweats, fever, weight loss and itchy skin.Unexplained bone pain, no traumatic pathological fracture.Abnormal changes occurred in nevus pigmenti.